You might think a Thai bone broth is an exotic take on a regular bone broth. Some people just hear the word “Thai” in relation to food and automatically think of something super spicy. Well there’s no fiery hot chilies used in Thai bone broths. Soups, yes (though not all Thai soups are spicy). But not broths.
In fact, there’s really nothing all that exotic about a Thai bone broth. It’s just as easy to make as a typical western bone broth, if not easier, and the end result is not that dramatically different between the two.
However, there are some differences in how a Thai bone broth is made compared to a western one. Before I get to the recipe, let’s go over some defining characteristics of Thai bone broths and why you’d want to make one.
1.Thai Bone Broth is Cooked for Short Periods
Generally speaking, most Thai broths are simmered for about 1-4 hours. This shorter simmer time results in a fairly light and often times a clear broth (though not always). In part this is because traditionally many Thai soups are part of a larger meal with other courses.
This is a lot different to the western approach which often encourages a super long and slow simmer well upwards of 12 hours for chicken and pork and as long as 48-72 hours for beef. These long simmer times result in a richer, more gelatinous broth.
As a result of the shorter simmer time…
2. Thai Bone Broth is NOT gelatinous
My travels in Thailand have certainly challenged my preconceived notions of what a bone broth is and how to make it. Previously, I assumed that the longer you simmer the bones, the better, as more nutrients will leach out over time. And while this is true, just because a broth is not gelatinous doesn’t mean it’s inferior in any way. Many of the health benefits of bone broth are the same between western broths and Thai broths.
For example, both long and slow simmered broths are inherently easy to digest and make for wonderful digestive tonics. In fact, sometimes lighter broths can actually be easier on the body’s digestive system. A previous post I wrote, When Bone Broth is Bad for You, will explain this in more detail.
Another reason Thai broths tend not to be gelatinous is that larger bones from larger animals, such as cows, which inherently contain more collagen (which turns to gelatin when cooked), are not a commonly raised in Thailand. Even Thai chickens tend to be much smaller than the big meaty birds you’ll often find in other countries.
Finally, sometimes the answers to these culinary questions are found in geography and climate. Keep in mind, Thailand is a mostly tropical country. This is just an educated guess but perhaps, prior to the advent of refrigeration, there was little use for gelatin-rich broths as the formation of gelatin requires cool temperatures at around 60 degrees Fahrenheit and below.
3. Thai Broths and Soups are Often Made Together in One Step
Typically in the West, we make a bone broth first and then use that broth to make a soup later. But in Thailand, this is often done together in one step. So the bones are often simmered in water with the other soup ingredients and then the bones are discarded before serving. Or sometimes meaty bones like chicken thighs or pork ribs remain in the final soup recipe. We don’t often include cuts of meat with the bone on in soups in the West but this is very common in other countries, especially throughout Asia.
4.Thai Bone Broth Use Thai Vegetables, Herbs and Seasonings
That shouldn’t be shocking news, right? Instead of the common western addition of carrots, onions, and celery, Thai broths use things like lemongrass, ginger, galangal, Chinese celery, shallots, garlic, cilantro and other ingredients commonly used in Thailand. This gives Thai broths a distinct Thai flavor.
Well because you might want to make a Thai soup! A Thai broth with notes of lemongrass, galangal, ginger and scallions makes a beautiful base for soups like the famous tom yum as well as hundreds more broth-based soups.
Contrary to popular belief there are a ton of Thai soups beyond heavy and spicy coconut curries. But you won’t find many of these in western Thai restaurants. But you will find them in my new book, The Thai Soup Secret!
The Thai Soup Secret includes 40 simple recipes which are al naturally gluten- and dairy-free. And when made with your own homemade bone broth (Thai or western style), they can support good gut health too.
OK, here’s how to make a simple Thai bone broth…
A simple infusion of water, bones and Thai herbs and vegetables.
1.The only ingredient you might have to search for is lemongrass. I've noticed most Whole Foods stores now carry it. I've also seen it in my local health food co-op. Otherwise, any Asian market should carry lemongrass. If none of those are options for you, you can find fresh lemongrass on Amazon.
2. Cilantro roots are commonly used in Thai cuisine but are almost always trimmed off here in the west. No big deal. Just use regular cilantro with the stems attached.
3. Chinese celery is similar to our typical celery but the stalks are a lot thinner. You'll find Chinese celery at Asian markets. It's totally fine to skip it or sub regular celery.
4. Use black peppercorns for a little more zing in your broth. White peppercorns have a more floral, earthy flavor in comparison. Either one is fine and both are commonly used in Thai broths and soups. It's just a matter of preference.
5. Careful with the ginger! Too much and it can overpower the broth.
Craig Fear is the creator of Fearless Eating and the author of three books, The 30-Day Heartburn Solution, Fearless Broths and Soups and The Thai Soup Secret. After years helping clients with digestive issues, Craig decided to pursue writing full-time. He intends to write many more books on broths and soups from around the world! Click here to learn more about Craig.